The languages of India primarily belong to two major linguistic families, Indo-European (whose branch Indo-Aryan is spoken by about 74% of the population) and Dravidian (spoken by about 24%). Other languages spoken in India come mainly from the Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Burman linguistic families, as well as a few language isolates. Individual mother tongues in India number several hundred (SIL Ethnologue lists 415), 24 languages are spoken by more than a million native speakers, 114 by more than 10,000.
Telugu (తెలుగు) is a Dravidian language (South-Central Dravidian languages) primarily spoken in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, where it is the official language. It is the Dravidian language with the largest number of speakers (including non-native speakers), the second most spoken language in India after Hindi and one of the twenty-three national languages of the Republic of India. In addition, it is also spoken among a diaspora population in the USA, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa,Ireland, Fiji, Réunion, Trinidad and the UK among other countries around the world. Telugu is one of the most used languages of Carnatic music, the classical music of South India.
Gujarati (also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. It is native to the Indian state of Gujarat, and is its chief language, as well as of the adjacent union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. There are about 46 million speakers of Gujarati worldwide, making it the 26th most spoken native language in the world. Along with Sindhi, it is among the most western of Indo-Aryan languages. Gujarati was the first language of Mohandas K. Gandhi, the "father of India", Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the "father of Pakistan" and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the "iron man of India".